I’ve got a question for you: Does the computer you’re reading this on right now exist? It does, huh? Okay, prove it. You say it exists because you can touch and see it. So what? Maybe you’re just a brain🧠 in a vat, being fed raw sense data for an imaginary world. Freaking out yet? No, you say, because that’s the plot of the Matrix and that movie is, like, super old. Okay, fair. But mind-melting questions like this aren’t just the stuff of movies. In fact, they are at the core of the branch of philosophy known as metaphysics, which asks questions about what exists in the world and what that stuff is like. Metaphysics has been a key part of philosophy from the very beginning and continues to be a major area of study today.
Philosophy- Metaphysics: Emergence
- Philosophy- Metaphysics: Emergence
- Metaphysics: Ship of Theseus
- What is Perception?
Questions to Think About
Are mind and body two substances or just one? If mind and body are different, how is one able to influence the other?
If God exists, how does God exist?
Is “society” just a group of individuals or something more?
Do numbers exist no matter what?
“St Thomas Aquinas” by Lawrence OP is licensed with CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/. https://www.flickr.com/photos/35409814@N00/40626309662
“Aristotle” by Nick in exsilio is licensed with CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/. https://www.flickr.com/photos/33563858@N00/6884873348
“Bishop George Berkeley” by John Smibert, 1688 – 1751 is licensed with CC0 1.0. To view the terms, visit https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. https://npg.si.edu/object/npg_NPG.89.25
“Immanuel Kant” by Special Collections at Johns Hopkins University is licensed with CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/. https://www.flickr.com/photos/41637252@N04/6767329877
“Friedrich Nietzsche: ‘Hoy no somos el mismo hombre de ayer y mañana volveremos a ser otro.'” by Antonio Marín Segovia is licensed with CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/. https://www.flickr.com/photos/23465276@N04/19888500939
- a term used by Plato to refer to nonmaterial, eternal, and changeless entities that give things in the world their existence; examples of Plato’s Forms are Beauty, Justice, Color, a Number, and so on.
- the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
- the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
- the philosophical belief that reality consists of both mind and matter.
- an entity that can have its properties indicated, but cannot itself be a predicate of any object.
- a quality or characteristic of a substance that can be accidental (can be part, but could also not, like a cup being blue) or necessary (it belongs to it, like a cup holding liquid)